Northern lights! – Energy from out of space pouring in

There are few natural phenomena quite as awe-inspiring to behold as the magical northern lights. Perhaps rivalled only by a total solar eclipse or a volcanic eruption.

No amount of images or videos circulating on the internet can truly convey the feeling of what it’s like to be surrounded by them, and see them in all their glory in real life. They will completely overwhelm you, to an extend where you can only utter sounds of sheer admiration, with a fading voice due to being blown away.

Whimsical behaviour

Yet the elusive northern lights are notorious for their whimsy and unpredictable diva behaviour. Sometimes they will not turn up when they are supposed to. And on other occasions they crash onto the scene completely unanounced, demanding your immediate attention. Because, they’re here! It’s Aurora Borealis! You never know how long they fancy staying, or when they will return.

Some say you can’t see the northern lights in summer. And that it has to be really cold for them to appear. I can say from my own experience that is not true. Cold in itself has nothing to do with it. I have even seen magnificent displays at the end of August, last year. It just needs to be dark enough, relatively cloudless, and the magical ingredient has to occur: a solar flare, spewn forth from a coronal hole on the sun’s surface when it’s facing the Earth, its charged particles colliding with the Earth’s magnetic field. The resulting energy lights up the sky in a brilliant display of moving colours, circling around the latitudes where it enters the magnetic north and south pole of the Earth.

That’s the magical zone where the aurora oval is situated.

Northern Lights

And Iceland is right underneath it. Which means you will see northern lights all around you when they fancy showing up. Including multi-coloured coronas bursting out above you and branching out to all sides when an X-rated flare is coughed up by the sun.

Even though the activity goes up and down during an 11-year cycle, you can still see northern lights in Iceland when the sun’s coronal holes are less active.

Tantalizing little glimpses

I’ve actually seen my first glimpse of northern lights at a time when solar activity was almost at its minimum, in 2007, in one of the least likeliest places – in the middle of Reykjavík, at the end of August. I was standing on the balcony of my guesthouse next to Hallgrímskirkja late at night, having a midnight coffee and enjoying the view.

And then it suddenly appeared out of nowhere. I almost choked on my coffee, and at first I couldn’t believe what I was seeing. It was very faint and subtle; a wisp of light appearing for a few seconds before it faded into darkness again. But after a few minutes I saw it again, and it was definitely an aurora. Even though it was tiny, there was no mistaking it. Little curtains of green light were flowing & moving across the sky, disappearing briefly, and then reappearing again. It was nowhere near as grand like the massive blasts of lights you’ll see on postcards and pictures on the internet, but I was in awe nevertheless. And overwhelmed by a feeling of happiness & gratefulness – to see them when I least expected it.

Unfortunately I didn’t see them again on that trip, even as I went on travelling to more remote parts of Iceland, with much clearer skies. Proverbially screaming in frustration, because they wouldn’t show up with all the right conditions being present.

It wasn’t until early October 2015 before I could see them again, in all their full-blown glory.

Northern Lights

I had talked my friend into going with me to Iceland, again, while we already went and cruised along the south coast the year before. But, being a like-minded geology and natural phenomena enthusiast, he wasn’t difficult to convince, and one of the many reasons was the likeliness to see northern lights. According to the predictions based on the 28-day cyclus of the sun around its own axis, there would be a massive sunspot with coronal mass ejection potential facing the Earth, and chances would be highly likely to have northern lights at a very convenient time during our trip.

There was already some unclear and disputed activity going on when we were in Reykjavík, but that wasn’t very convincing. It didn’t really get going until we got to Stykkishólmur, which was the day the solar flare was due to arrive.

As it was getting darker, anticipation increased. We were finishing our meal at the restaurant by the harbour, and my friend just had to go outside to check if anything could already be observed. The next moment he came rushing back in, frantically waving.

It was on. In a big way.

We jumped in the car and quickly got to a darker spot just outside town, at the foot of a hill called Helgafell.

Northern Lights

View over Helgafell.

The skies opened up and flares of electromagnetic charged particles & energy from out of space came pouring in, colliding with the Earth magnetic field, creating a display of light so magnificient it took your breath away.

Northern Lights

Aurora Borealis pouring in.

Massive green curtains dropping down with purple tips on their edges, above and below, constantly shifting and changing and moving in all directions.

It was literally out of this world. It filled the whole sky, and it went on for hours on end. You just didn’t know where to look next out of sheer excitement and ecstasy.

Northern Lights

Filling up the sky!

Even the locals were impressed.

And my friend actually had them for his birthday. When they finally slowed down a little, we went back to the guesthouse to have a celebratory drink of Brennivín.

It was difficult to go to sleep after all this excitement. They just kept on going. When we looked outside, activity had increased again. At some point I woke up in the middle of the night, and they were still at it. There was lots of stuff hanging in the sky, flaring up at irregular intervals.

Northern Lights

Sleep deprevation due to light pollution… 😉

The next day we started our rúntur around Snæfellsnes a bit later than intended. We were still bumbling along on our way back to Stykkishólmur when dusk settled in – and all hell broke loose.

Northern Lights

Extremely distracting!

Serious warning!

Driving a vehicle along small & windy Snæfellsnes roads while northern lights are exploding overhead on all sides is potentially lethal. They are extremely distracting. Do not, under any circumstance, continue driving when they are unfolding in front of you. To avoid accidents, go to the nearest turn-off where you can park safely.

It was very difficult to focus & keep my eyes on the road, and I just skidded into the first farm driveway I saw. Luckily we weren’t far from Kirkjufell at that moment, so after some gasping and catching our breath, we continued on our dangerous journey to watch the show in comfort there – with that spectacular backdrop as an added bonus. There’s a good place to park too.

Northern Lights

Kirkjufell.

This story was originally published by Stuck in Iceland Travel Magazine (in a slightly different version) on 27 September 2016.

Photo’s by Freek Slangen. You can find more pictures & info on his own website (in English and Dutch).

Northern Lights

Stykkishólmur.

(c) Nancy Claus – Wilderness Coffee & Natural High

 

More stories & inspiration

First impressions of Iceland – Blown away big time!

Solar eclipse – A mind-blowing experience

Aurora Solaris – The sunset version of northern lights

Eyjafjallajökull – The one that rules them all

Hawaii – Volcanic fields of fire


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